Desglose por país (Mt)

Mundo

-3.3%

El descenso del consumo de productos del petróleo en los países de Latinoamérica se prolonga por cuarto año consecutivo.

La demanda global de productos del petróleo volvió a incrementarse en 2018 (en un 0,9 %) como resultado de la expansión de los sectores petroquímico y del transporte

El aumento de la demanda de productos del petróleo impulsó el consumo en 2018 estimulada por el sector petroquímico, especialmente en EE UU, y por un aumento del consumo de combustible en el sector del transporte.
Asia concentró el mayor aumento de la demanda, liderado por China y la India (que experimentaron aumentos del 6 % y del 2,7 %, respectivamente) y, en menor medida, por Tailandia e Indonesia (descenso en Japón). El consumo de productos del petróleo también experimentó un aumento del 2,5 % en los Estados Unidos (el mayor consumidor mundial), motivado principalmente por la demanda industrial.
El consumo de productos del petróleo experimentó un ligero aumento en Rusia (+0,5 %) y un leve descenso en la Unión Europea (-0,6 %) coincidiendo con la estabilización de la demanda de los sectores de la industria y el transporte. El consumo de productos del petróleo en Latinoamérica, con tendencia a la baja desde 2014, experimentó su mayor caída en 2018 (-3,3 %). Esto fue motivado por el descenso de la producción y aumento de los precios en México, así como por la imposición de sanciones internacionales a Venezuela.

Tendencias energéticas mundiales, edición 2019

Enerdata se sirve de sus propios datos sobre los países del G20 en 2018 para analizar las tendencias de los mercados energéticos mundiales.

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16
Jan

Electricity consumption increased by 1.1% in India in 2019

According to the Central Electricity Authority of India, electricity consumption increased by only 1.1% in 2019, its slowest annual pace since 2013. In December 2019, electricity consumption declined for the fifth month in a row, reaching 100.8 TWh (-0.5% compared with December 2018), despite a rise in consumption in the industrialised states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Electricity consumption had fallen by 13% in October 2019 (compared to October 2018), its steepest drop in 12 years, reflecting a slowdown in industrial consumption. In October 2019, the IMF lowered its growth forecast for India by 0.9 point to 6.1% in 2019.

15
Jan

China's crude oil imports rose by 9.5% in 2019, gas imports by 6.9%

According to preliminary data from the General Administration of Customs, China’s energy imports continued to increase in 2019. Crude oil imports rose by 9.5% to nearly 506 Mt (10.1 mb/d), as two 400,000 bbl/d refineries commissioned in 2019 – Hengli Petrochemical in Dalian (northeast China) and Zhejiang Petroleum and Chemical in Zhoushan (eastern China) – are fostering China’s crude oil demand. Meanwhile, imports of petroleum products declined by 8.7% in 2019 to 31 Mt, and that of fuel oil by nearly 11% to less than 15 Mt. Natural gas imports continued to grow in 2019 (+6.9%), as China is seeking to raise the share of gas in its energy mix. Coal and lignite imports increased again (+6.3%), reaching 300 Mt.​ 

14
Jan

Electricity consumption in Russia remained stable in 2019

According to the Unified Energy System (SO UPS) of Russia, which manages seven power systems in Russia (all Russia excepted northern islands and isolated systems in north-eastern Siberia), power generation in the unified energy system increased by 0.9% in 2019 to 1,080 TWh, while electricity consumption hiked by 0.4% in 2019 to 1,059 TWh. Mos of the demand was covered by thermal power generation (617 TWh, -0.5% compared to 2018). Hydropower generation rose by 3.6% to 190 TWh and nuclear generation by 2.2% to 209 TWh. Captive power plants (industrial power plants generating electricity for their own consumption) also raised their production level (+2.1% to 63 TWh).

13
Jan

India's renewable power capacity exceeds 84 GW

According to the government of India, installed renewable power capacity in India crossed the 84 GW threshold in December 2019 (84.4 GW), with wind power capacity reaching 37,280 MW, solar capacity 32,530 MW, biomass capacity 9,940 MW and small hydropower capacity 4,650 MW. In addition, another 36.7 GW is already under implementation (25 GW of solar, 9.6 GW of wind power, 1.4 GW of wind-solar hybrid and 550 MW of small hydro) and 29.6 GW is being tendered (including 25.8 GW of solar and 2.2 GW of wind). Overall, the installed and under development capacity could exceed 150 GW, with more than 83 GW of solar power, 49 GW of wind power and 10 GW of biomass.


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