Desglose por país (Mt)

Mundo

-2,7 %

Caída en el consumo de productos del petróleo en Latinoamérica por quinto año consecutivo debido a un descenso de la producción y a las sanciones impuestas a Venezuela.

Desaceleración del crecimiento de la demanda mundial de productos del petróleo (+0,3 %) debido a un descenso de la demanda en EE. UU.

En 2019, el consumo mundial de productos del petróleo creció a un ritmo mucho más lento que en el periodo comprendido entre 2000 y 2018 (+0,3 % frente a +1 % anual) debido a una ralentización de la actividad industrial y a la incidencia de un invierno con temperaturas más elevadas de lo habitual en el hemisferio norte. El consumo de productos del petróleo disminuyó en un 0,5 % en EE. UU., primer consumidor del mundo, debido a una menor demanda procedente de los sectores industrial y petroquímico (retraso en los proyectos) y, en menor medida, a un descenso en las ventas de automóviles. También cayó en Japón (-4,1 % por la menor necesidad de calefacción), en Latinoamérica (-12 % en Venezuela por las sanciones estadounidenses, -4,5 % en México y -1,3 % en Brasil); y en Oriente Medio y África debido a la subida de los precios del combustible.
El consumo de los productos del petróleo se incrementó en Asia, encabezado por China (+6,6 % por la puesta en funcionamiento de nuevas refinerías), Indonesia (+6,6 %) y la India (+2,9 %) y, en menor medida, en la región CIS (+1,2 %) y en la UE (+0,7 %), incluido un +2,1 % en Alemania, con un aumento de la demanda procedente de los sectores industrial y de los transportes.

Global Energy Trends 2020 - Update

New Consolidated Statistics & Estimates integrating COVID 19 impact.

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10
May

EU energy-related CO2 emissions decreased by 10% in 2020

Energy-related CO2 emissions in the European Union contracted by 10% in 2020, as a result of COVID-19 containment measures that had a significant impact on transport and industrial activities. CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion decreased in all countries, with the largest contractions in Greece (-19%), Estonia, Luxembourg (-18% each), Spain (-16%) and Denmark (-15%). They fell by around 9% in Germany (25% of EU's total energy-related CO2 emissions), and by around 11% in Italy (12% of total emissions) and France (11% of total emissions). Emissions cuts were limited in Malta (-1%), Hungary (-1.7%), Ireland and Lithuania (both -2.6%).

23
Apr

France misses its 2020 renewables target by 4 percentage points

According to preliminary data from the Ministry of the Ecological Transition, the share of renewables in France’s final energy consumption reached 19.1% in 2020, including 24.8% for electricity, 23.3% for heating and 9.2% for transports. The growth of renewable energies in France has been important since 2005, especially with the development of biofuels, solid biomass, heat pumps, wind and solar power. The country, which aimed to achieve a target of a 23% share of renewables in final consumption by 2020, including 27% for electricity, 33% for heating and cooling and 10% for transports, has missed its targets.

20
Apr

Switzerland’s power demand declined by 2.6% in 2020

Switzerland’s electricity consumption declined by 2.6% in 2020 to 55.7 TWh, according to the Swiss Federal Office of Energy. This decline was due to the COVID-19 related lockdowns (-4.3% in electricity consumption in the first quarter and -7.8% in the second quarter of 2020), and to economic trends (2.9% drop in the GDP), weather conditions (the number of heating degree days fell by 4.4% compared to 2019) and energy efficiency improvements to a lesser extent.

19
Apr

EU ETS GHG emissions declined by 13.3% in 2020

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from operators covered by the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) fell by 13.3% in 2020, due to an 11.2% decrease in emissions from stationary installations (power plants and manufacturing plants) to 1.331 MtCO2eq and a 64.1% decrease in emissions from aviation, a sector which was severely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, to 24.5 MtCO2eq. 

The power sector posted a 14.9% decrease, as a result of reduced electricity consumption due to the pandemic and continued decarbonisation trends, including both the switch from coal to gas-fired power generation, and the replacement of fossil fuels by renewables. In addition, emissions from industry decreased by an average of 7%, with reductions observed in most sectors, including iron and steel (-11.7%), cement (-5.1%), chemicals (-4%) and refineries (-8.1%).


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