Desglose por país (Mt)

Mundo

-18 %

Fuerte descenso del consumo de carbón en la UE.

Nueva caída del consumo mundial de carbón (-2,6 %) a pesar del crecimiento observado en China (+1 %)

Tras dos años de recuperación, el consumo mundial de carbón volvió a experimentar una caída en 2019 (-2,6 %). Las políticas climáticas públicas y privadas, sumadas a la competencia de las renovables y de la energía eléctrica derivada del gas, más baratas, han precipitado el cierre de numerosas centrales eléctricas alimentadas con carbón y se han traducido en reducciones drásticas en el consumo de carbón en la UE (-18 %, incluidas caídas significativas en Alemania, Polonia y España) y en EE. UU. (-12 %, retirándose casi 14 GW de la capacidad de energía eléctrica derivada del carbón en 2019).
El consumo de carbón creció en un 1 % en China, que concentra la mitad de la demanda mundial de carbón. El gobierno chino tiene previsto sustituir el uso del carbón por el gas y las renovables, pero la política de transición se flexibilizó en 2019.
En la India, segundo consumidor mundial de carbón, el consumo de carbón disminuyó en un 3,4 % debido a una mayor generación de energía hidroeléctrica y de renovables, lo que redujo las necesidades de carbón del sector eléctrico.
El consumo de carbón se ralentizó en Indonesia (+8,9 %; es decir, la mitad de su crecimiento en 2018), y disminuyó en Corea del Sur y Japón, debido a un descenso de la demanda del sector eléctrico (reducción del consumo eléctrico, competencia de la nuclear y restricciones de contaminación del aire).
También se ralentizó en los grandes productores de carbón, como Rusia (transición del carbón al gas en el sector eléctrico) y Sudáfrica (reducción de la actividad de las centrales eléctricas alimentadas con carbón debido a incidencias técnicas), y llegó incluso a caer en Australia y Turquía.

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10
Jun

South Korea’s greenhouse gas emissions declined by 7.3% in 2020

South Korea’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 7.3% in 2020 to 649 MtCO2eq (i.e. -10.9% compared with the 2018 peak of 729 MtCO2eq). GHG emissions have been driven down by South Korea's energy and industrial sectors (-7.8% and -7.1%, respectively). In the power sector, total emissions decreased by 12.4% due to temporary shutdowns of coal-fired power plants resulting in lower coal-fired power generation and due to an increased renewable power generation. Emissions from the transport sector (included in the energy sector) contracted by 4.1%, owing to reduced travel (COVID-19-related restrictions) and the continuous deployment of low-emission vehicles. Residential emissions grew by only 0.3%, while emissions from business and public sectors fell by 9.9%. In the industrial sector (-7.1%), the reduced activity affected the energy-intensive branches such as chemicals (7.6% drop in GHG emissions), steel (-2.5%) and cement (-8.9%).

Due to the drop in emissions, the South Korean emission trading scheme (ETS) is over-supplied, and the authorities set a temporary price floor for allowances, as the price fell below the government's minimum threshold. However, the average price for allowances increased from KRW29,500/tCO2 (US$25.2/tCO2) in 2019 to KRW30,200/tCO2 (US$25.4/tCO2) in 2020.

01
Jun

Australian GHG emissions decreased by 5% in 2020

Australia's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions dipped by 5% in 2020 (-26.1 MtCO2eq) to 499 MtCO2eq, according to the Australian Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources. GHG emissions from the power sector declined by 4.9% but still accounted for a third of total GHG emissions in Australia. In addition, fugitive emissions (10% of total GHG emissions in 2020) declined by 8.8%, partly due to a lower coal production, and emissions from transport (18% of total GHG emissions in 2020) contracted by 12.1%, because of COVID-19 restrictions. In 2020, Australia's GHG emissions stood 20.1% below their 2005 level (the baseline year for the Paris Agreement). The country has committed to reduce its emissions by 26-28% by 2030 from 2005 levels.

01
Jun

Renewables accounted for 11% of Dutch final energy consumption in 2020

The share of renewables in the Dutch gross final energy consumption rose from 8.8% in 2019 to 11.1% in 2020, according to Statistics Netherlands (CBS). Most of the renewable consumption was biomass (6% of final energy consumption), followed by wind (2.5%), solar (1.5%) and others (1%).

10
May

EU energy-related CO2 emissions decreased by 10% in 2020

Energy-related CO2 emissions in the European Union contracted by 10% in 2020, as a result of COVID-19 containment measures that had a significant impact on transport and industrial activities. CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion decreased in all countries, with the largest contractions in Greece (-19%), Estonia, Luxembourg (-18% each), Spain (-16%) and Denmark (-15%). They fell by around 9% in Germany (25% of EU's total energy-related CO2 emissions), and by around 11% in Italy (12% of total emissions) and France (11% of total emissions). Emissions cuts were limited in Malta (-1%), Hungary (-1.7%), Ireland and Lithuania (both -2.6%).


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