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Tasa de crecimiento del consumo energético de China.

Aceleración del consumo energético en 2018 (+2,3 %) impulsada por un elevado crecimiento de la demanda de electricidad y gas

El consumo energético global experimentó un crecimiento significativo en 2018, propiciado por el crecimiento económico sostenido y por el aumento de la demanda en China, el mayor consumidor de energía del mundo desde 2009. El consumo energético de China registró su mayor crecimiento desde 2012, propiciado principalmente por la generación de electricidad, por la fuerte demanda industrial y por el aumento del consumo de combustibles para el trasporte, motivado por el crecimiento del parque móvil.
El consumo energético total de los Estados Unidos alcanzó un máximo histórico de 2,3 Gtep en 2018 (lo que supone un aumento del 3,5 % respecto de 2017), propiciado parcialmente por las condiciones climáticas (verano caluroso e invierno frío).
Por el contrario, el consumo energético disminuyó en la Unión Europea (-1 %), y en especial en Alemania (-3,5 %), en parte debido al descenso del consumo en el sector eléctrico, a un invierno más suave, a la reducción del consumo y a las mejoras en la eficiencia energética.

Tendencias energéticas mundiales, edición 2019

Enerdata se sirve de sus propios datos sobre los países del G20 en 2018 para analizar las tendencias de los mercados energéticos mundiales.

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

Acceda a la base de datos más completa y actualizada sobre el suministro, la demanda y los precios de la energía y sobre las emisiones de GEI (186 países).

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19
Feb

India's coal-fired power generation fells for the first time in a decade

According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) of India, coal-fired power generation in India declined by around 2.5% in 2019, posting the first decrease in a decade. Meanwhile, the gas-fired power generation also declined by 4.5%. This decrease is explained by a broader economic slowdown reducing electricity demand and a higher competition from renewable power generation and from nuclear in a lesser extent (+6.3% in 2019).

18
Feb

Europe installed more than 15 GW of new wind capacity in 2019

According to WindEurope, Europe’s wind power capacity grew by 8% in 2019, thanks to the installation of 15.4 GW, and reached 205 GW at the end of the year. New installations are 27% higher than in 2018. However, this number needs to double to reach the objectives of the Green Deal. Over 3/4 of new installations were onshore wind (11.7 GW), and 1/4 offshore (3.6 GW). Four countries accounted for 55% of new wind installations: the United Kingdom (+2.4 GW, including almost 1.8 GW of offshore wind), Spain (+2.3 GW), Germany (+2.2 GW, half of which was offshore), and Sweden (+1.6 GW). France installed more than 1 GW of new wind capacity in 2019 (1.3 GW onshore) despite weathers conditions and delays in approvals slowing down constructions.

14
Feb

Africa and the Middle East added 894 MW of wind power capacity in 2019

According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), new installations of wind power capacities in Africa and the Middle East slowed down in 2019, with only 894 MW installed in 2019, compared to 962 MW in 2018 (-7%). Leading countries were Egypt, which installed 262 MW of new capacity, followed by Morocco (216 MW), Jordan (190 MW), Ethiopia (120 MW) and Iran (50 MW).

14
Feb

French electricity consumption reached its lowest level in 10 years in 2019

According to the French power transmission system operator RTE, electricity consumption in France declined by 0.5% in 2019 (including climate corrections), reaching its lowest level in 10 years. This slight decrease is explained by efforts in terms of energy efficiency (in buildings and equipments), by the structural shift in economic activities (towards services activities), and by a slowdown in economic growth, especially at the end of year.


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