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Balance de comercio de GNL

Las exportaciones de GNL de EE. UU. aumentaron en un cuarto en 2020 con la puesta en funcionamiento de nuevas centrales de GNL

Balance de comercio de GNL

Las exportaciones de GNL de EE. UU. aumentaron en un cuarto en 2020 con la puesta en funcionamiento de nuevas centrales de GNL

Desglose por país (bcm)
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Mundo

Desglose por región (2020) - bcm

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+24 %


Aumento de las exportaciones de GNL en EE. UU.

Las exportaciones de GNL de EE. UU. aumentaron en un cuarto en 2020 con la puesta en funcionamiento de nuevas centrales de GNL

La canalización de nuevas producciones de GNL contribuyó a un marcado aumento de las exportaciones de GNL en EE. UU. (+24 %), en Australia (9,7 %) y, en menor medida, en Rusia (4,1 %). Las importaciones de GNL crecieron un 4,4 % en 2020, ya que el aumento de las importaciones de GNL en China y en la India (+12 % y +8,6 %) se vio contrarrestado por un descenso de las importaciones en Japón y en Corea del Sur (-3,7 % y -1,9 %, respectivamente) debido a la competencia de la nuclear y las renovables en el sector eléctrico. La UE registró un descenso del 7,6 % en sus importaciones de GNL, con un -16 % en Francia y un -6 % en España, ya que el aumento de la generación de renovables llevó a una reducción de la generación de electricidad a partir de gas.

Tendencias Energéticas Mundiales - Edición 2021

Estadísticas energéticas y emisiones CO2 consolidadas del 2020 y estimaciones para 2021, incluyendo el impacto de COVID-19 y los cambios estructurales.

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Base de datos globales de energía & CO2

Need more data? All the information presented in this energy data tool are extracted from Global Energy & CO2 Data service, the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on all gas states and sources: natural, manufactured and LNG. Access to the whole gas value chain information: reserves, production, trade, LNG liquefaction capacities, prices, consumption per sector and indicators.

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24

Jan

China added 53 GW of solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity in 2021, including 29 GW of distributed solar projects, according to the country's National Energy Administration (NEA). The country's total solar capacity reached 306 GW at the end of the year, with 107.5 GW of distributed solar (+29 GW in 2021, i.e., around 55% of all new solar PV capacity added in 2021). More than 40% (21.5 GW) of the total capacity corresponded to residential solar plants (compared to more than 10 GW added in 2020). In 2020, China had added more than 49 GW of solar capacity.

24

Jan

The combined production of fossil fuels (including natural gas, crude oil, and coal) in the United States increased by 2% in 2021, according to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). In 2021, natural gas accounted for 46% of US production of fossil fuels, followed by crude oil (30%), coal (15%) and NGPL (9%). The public agency forecasts that the country's output of fossil fuels will continue to rise in 2022 and 2023, surpassing the 2019 production level and reaching a new record in 2023. Indeed, natural gas production in the United States, which increased by 2% in 2021, will expand by 3% in 2022 and 2% in 2023. US crude oil production will increase by 6% in 2022 and 5% in 2023, after +1% in 2021. US coal production, which rose by 7% in 2021, will grow by 6% in 2022 and 1% in 2023. Finally, natural gas plant liquids (NGPL) production increased by 4% in 2021 and will rise by 9% in 2022 and 4% in 2023. 

21

Jan

According to Trade Statistics of Japan, Japanese LNG imports declined by 0.2% in 2021 to 74 Mt. In 2020, Japan was the world's largest LNG importer, accounting for around 20% of global imports. However, LNG imports have been declining since 2017 and are now estimated to be lower than China's LNG imports, that grew by nearly 19% in 2021 according to preliminary statistics, making China the largest LNG importer worldwide in 2021.

21

Jan

Renewables accounted for 22.1% of the European Union's gross final energy consumption in 2020, compared to 17.4% in 2015, according to Eurostat. The regional bloc targeted 20% of renewables in gross final energy consumption by 2020. Sweden had by far the highest share among the EU Member States in 2020 (60.1%), followed by Finland (43.8%), Latvia (42.1%), Austria (36.5%) and Portugal (34%). The lowest proportions of renewables were recorded in Malta (10.7%), Luxembourg (11.7%), Belgium (13%) and Hungary (13.9%). France was the only country that missed its 2020 national goal for renewables of 23% with 19.1%. In addition, the share of renewables in electricity consumption rose to 37.5% in 2020 in the EU; they accounted for 23.1% of total energy use for heating and cooling and for 10.2% for transport.