Desglose por país (TWh)

Mundo

78 %

Contribución de BRICS al aumento mundial del consumo energético entre 2010 y 2019.

El consumo mundial de electricidad se ralentizó notablemente en 2019 (+0,7 %)

En 2019, el consumo eléctrico mundial creció a un ritmo mucho más lento que en los últimos años (+0,7 % por contraposición a un promedio del 3 % anual durante el periodo comprendido entre 2000 y 2018) debido a una desaceleración del crecimiento económico y a temperaturas más suaves en varios países grandes.
La demanda de electricidad en China, que concentra el 28 % del consumo eléctrico mundial, creció en un 4,5 % en 2019 (respecto del 10 % anual observado durante el periodo comprendido entre 2000 y 2018), ya que la desaceleración de la demanda eléctrica procedente de la industria (menor crecimiento económico en 2019) se vio parcialmente contrarrestada por una fuerte demanda de los sectores residencial y servicios. Permaneció estable en la India (descenso del consumo industrial) y en Rusia (temperaturas suaves).
En EE. UU., el descenso de la demanda de los sectores industrial y residencial contribuyó a una reducción del 2,2 % en el consumo eléctrico. El consumo eléctrico también se redujo en la UE (-1,4 %, en línea con la desaceleración económica), Japón, Corea del Sur y Sudáfrica.

Global Energy Trends 2020 - Update

New Consolidated Statistics & Estimates integrating COVID 19 impact.

Descargar la publicación

Global Energy & CO2 Data

Acceda a la base de datos más completa y actualizada sobre el suministro, la demanda y los precios de la energía y sobre las emisiones de GEI (186 países).

Demo gratuita

26
Oct

The EU is missing its 2020 target for electricity cross-border capacity

According to the European Union (EU) Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER), the amount of cross-border capacity available for trade among Member States remains insufficient to meet the minimum EU target of 70% by 2020. Cross-zonal capacity increased by 3% in 2019 compared to 2018 due to border-specific improvements (Poland-Czech Republic/Germany/Slovakia, Austrian borders, Greece-Italy, Bulgaria-Romania and Germany-Denmark). Moderate decreases, compared to 2018, were observed at the Swiss and Norwegian borders (-6%) and at a smaller scale in Italy North and Nordic regions (-2%). In addition, several Member States continue to use national capacity mechanisms, even if they do not always face an adequacy problem. 

11
Sep

EU and UK energy-related CO2 emissions declined by 3.8% in 2019

According to the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre, global CO2 emissions from energy combustion increased by 0.9% to 38 GtCO2 in 2019, driven by China (+3.4%, accounting for 30% of global emissions) and India (+1.6%, 7% of global emissions). Meanwhile, Japan (3% of global emissions) reduced its energy-related CO2 emissions by 2.1%, the United States (13% of total emissions) by 2.6% and Russia (5% of total emissions) by 0.8%.

27
Jul

EU countries need to strengthen energy efficiency efforts to reach targets

According to the European Commission, primary energy consumption declined by 0.7% in 2018 (-0.1% only for final energy consumption), which is insufficient to meet the 2020 targets. The highest annual reductions in primary energy consumption were posted in Belgium, Austria and Greece, whereas the largest increases were observed in Estonia, Latvia and Luxembourg. Between 2005 and 2018, primary energy consumption decreased in all Member States except Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia and Poland.  Primary energy intensity fell in all Member States between 2005 and 2018; however, it grew in Denmark, Estonia and Luxemburg in recent years (between 2015 and 2018).

30
Jun

Switzerland's final energy consumption slightly increased in 2019

According to the Swiss government, final energy consumption in Switzerland slightly increased in 2019 (+0.3%) due to cooler temperatures, economic growth (+0.9%), demographic growth (+0.7%) and increasing fleet of motor vehicles (+0.8%). This rising trend was offset by continued energy efficiency and substitution effects.


Más noticias