La cuota de energía solar y eólica en el conjunto de la oferta energética de Chile alcanzó el 11 % en 2018 (+10 ptos. desde 2010).
En 2018, la cuota de energía eólica y solar respecto de la oferta energía global aumentó en 0,8 ptos., mientras que la generación de energía concentró más del 30 % del total de la producción energética adicional en 2018 (un 16 % en el caso de la energía solar, y un 15 % en el caso de la energía eólica).
Como resultado del descenso de los costes tecnológicos y de las ambiciosas políticas implantadas, la cuota de energía eólica y solar respecto del total de la oferta energética siguió progresando en todas las regiones en 2018, especialmente en Latinoamérica (ambicioso despliegue de renovables en Brasil y Chile), Asia (China, la India y Japón) y Europa (especialmente en Alemania, el Reino Unido, Bélgica y Turquía). Las tecnologías eólicas y solares también están en auge en los Estados Unidos y en Australia. Continúan siendo marginales en África y en las zonas de producción de combustibles fósiles (región CIS y Oriente Medio).
According to the Central Electricity Authority of India, electricity consumption increased by only 1.1% in 2019, its slowest annual pace since 2013. In December 2019, electricity consumption declined for the fifth month in a row, reaching 100.8 TWh (-0.5% compared with December 2018), despite a rise in consumption in the industrialised states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Electricity consumption had fallen by 13% in October 2019 (compared to October 2018), its steepest drop in 12 years, reflecting a slowdown in industrial consumption. In October 2019, the IMF lowered its growth forecast for India by 0.9 point to 6.1% in 2019.
According to preliminary data from the General Administration of Customs, China’s energy imports continued to increase in 2019. Crude oil imports rose by 9.5% to nearly 506 Mt (10.1 mb/d), as two 400,000 bbl/d refineries commissioned in 2019 – Hengli Petrochemical in Dalian (northeast China) and Zhejiang Petroleum and Chemical in Zhoushan (eastern China) – are fostering China’s crude oil demand. Meanwhile, imports of petroleum products declined by 8.7% in 2019 to 31 Mt, and that of fuel oil by nearly 11% to less than 15 Mt. Natural gas imports continued to grow in 2019 (+6.9%), as China is seeking to raise the share of gas in its energy mix. Coal and lignite imports increased again (+6.3%), reaching 300 Mt.
According to the Unified Energy System (SO UPS) of Russia, which manages seven power systems in Russia (all Russia excepted northern islands and isolated systems in north-eastern Siberia), power generation in the unified energy system increased by 0.9% in 2019 to 1,080 TWh, while electricity consumption hiked by 0.4% in 2019 to 1,059 TWh. Mos of the demand was covered by thermal power generation (617 TWh, -0.5% compared to 2018). Hydropower generation rose by 3.6% to 190 TWh and nuclear generation by 2.2% to 209 TWh. Captive power plants (industrial power plants generating electricity for their own consumption) also raised their production level (+2.1% to 63 TWh).
According to the government of India, installed renewable power capacity in India crossed the 84 GW threshold in December 2019 (84.4 GW), with wind power capacity reaching 37,280 MW, solar capacity 32,530 MW, biomass capacity 9,940 MW and small hydropower capacity 4,650 MW. In addition, another 36.7 GW is already under implementation (25 GW of solar, 9.6 GW of wind power, 1.4 GW of wind-solar hybrid and 550 MW of small hydro) and 29.6 GW is being tendered (including 25.8 GW of solar and 2.2 GW of wind). Overall, the installed and under development capacity could exceed 150 GW, with more than 83 GW of solar power, 49 GW of wind power and 10 GW of biomass.