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Average CO2 emission factor

The average CO2 emission factor (carbon factor) is calculated doing the ratio between CO2 emissions over primary energy consumption.

Balance de comercio de GNL

The trade balance is the difference between exports and imports. The balance of a net exporter appears as a negative value (-). The balance of geographic and geopolitical zones is simply the sum of the trade balance of all the countries. LNG (liquefied natural gas) is natural gas, mainly made of methane (CH4), that is cooled down at -160°C to become liquid and non-corrosive, and to reduce its volume by around 600 times. LNG can thus be stored in tanks and can be easily transported by ship instead of gas pipelines, increasing the flexibility of global gas trade.

Balance de comercio de carbón y lignito

The trade balance is the difference between exports and imports. The balance of a net exporter appears as a negative value (-). The balance of geographic and geopolitical zones is simply the sum of the trade balance of all the countries. Coal and lignite represent all mineral solid fuels. Their calorific values vary very much from hard coal to lignite (national average coefficients are used).

Balance de comercio de crudo

The trade balance is the difference between exports and imports. The balance of a net exporter appears as a negative value (-). The balance of geographic and geopolitical zones is simply the sum of the trade balance of all the countries. Crude oil includes all liquid hydrocarbons to be refined: crude oil, liquids from natural gas (Natural Gas Liquid or NGL) and semi-refined products.

Balance de comercio de electricidad

The trade balance is the difference between exports and imports. The balance of a net exporter appears as a negative value (-). The balance of geographic and geopolitical zones is simply the sum of the trade balance of all the countries. Electricity corresponds to the electricity produced and transported for commercial purposes, used by ad-hoc devices.

Balance de comercio de gas natural

The trade balance is the difference between exports and imports. The balance of a net exporter appears as a negative value (-). The balance of geographic and geopolitical zones is simply the sum of the trade balance of all the countries. Natural gas is mainly made of methane (CH4). It is marketed after separation of the liquid fractions. The calorific power of natural gas varies according to its methane concentration. The standard coefficient used by Enerdata is: 0.82 toe/m3, for important countries national coefficients are used.

Balance de comercio de productos del petróleo

The trade balance is the difference between exports and imports. The balance of a net exporter appears as a negative value (-). The balance of geographic and geopolitical zones is simply the sum of the trade balance of all the countries. Petroleum products are all liquid hydrocarbons, obtained by the refining of crude oil and NGL and by treatment of natural gas ; in particular, LPG production (Liquid Petroleum Gas) includes LPG from natural gas separation plants. The alcohol used as motor fuel in Brazil as well as fuels derived from coal in South Africa are not included in oil products.

Balance energético comercial

The trade balance is the difference between imports and exports. The balance of a net exporter appears as a negative value (-). The balance of geographic and geopolitical zones is simply the sum of the trade balance of all the countries. Total energy includes coal, gas, oil, electricity, heat and biomass.

Consumo energético total

For each energy product, it is the sum of primary production, external trade, marine bunkers (fuel used by boats and aircraft for international transport) and stock variations. For the world, marine bunkers are included. This induces a gap with the sum of regions. Total energy includes coal, gas, oil, electricity, heat and biomass.

Consumo nacional de carbón y lignito

Consumption (or domestic supply) is the balance of production, external trade and stock changes. Coal and lignite represent all mineral solid fuels. Their calorific values vary very much from hard coal to lignite (national average coefficients are used).

Consumo nacional de electricidad

Consumption (or domestic supply) is the balance of production and external trade. They are included at the world level. It is mainly divided between power plants, industry, transport and the residential and tertiary sectors, one part is used or lost in the energy transformation. Electricity corresponds to the electricity produced and transported for commercial purposes, used by ad-hoc devices.

Consumo nacional de gas natural

Consumption (or domestic supply) is the balance of production, external trade and stock changes. Natural gas is mainly made of methane (CH4). It is marketed after separation of the liquid fractions. The calorific power of natural gas varies according to its methane concentration. The standard coefficient used by Enerdata is: 0.82 toe/m3, for important countries national coefficients are used.

Consumo nacional de productos del petróleo

Consumption (or domestic supply) is the balance of production, external trade and stock changes. Marine bunkers are excluded for countries. They are included at the world level. Consumption is mainly divided between power plants, industry, transport and the residential and tertiary sectors, one part is used or lost in the energy transformation. Petroleum products are all liquid hydrocarbons, obtained by the refining of crude oil and NGL and by treatment of natural gas ; in particular, LPG production (Liquid Petroleum Gas) includes LPG from natural gas separation plants. The alcohol used as motor fuel in Brazil as well as fuels derived from coal in South Africa are not included in oil products.

Cuota de energía eólica y solar en la producción de electricidad

Electricity produced from wind and solar energy divided by the total electricity production.

Cuota de energías renovables en la producción de electricidad

Ratio between the electricity production from renewable energies (hydro, wind, geothermal and solar) and the total electricity production. Electricity corresponds to the electricity produced and transported for commercial purposes, used by ad-hoc devices.

Emisiones de CO2 procedentes de la combustión de combustibles

CO2 emissions cover only the emissions from fossil fuels combustion (coal, oil and gas) by sector. They are calculated according to the UNFCCC methodology (in line with the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories).

Intensidad de CO2 a paridades de poder adquisitivo constantes

CO2 intensity is the ratio of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion over Gross Domestic Product (GDP). It measures the CO2 emitted to generate one unit of GDP. GDP is expressed at constant exchange rate and purchasing power parity to remove the impact of inflation and reflect differences in general price levels and relate energy consumption to the real level of economic activity. Using purchasing power parity rates for GDP instead of exchange rates increases the value of GDP in regions with a low cost of living, and therefore decreases their CO2 intensities. CO2 emissions cover only the emissions for fossil fuels combustion (coal, oil and gas).

Intensidad de consumo energético del PNB a paridades de poder adquisitivo constantes

The energy intensity is calculated by dividing the total energy consumption of a country by its Gross Domestic Product (GDP). It measures the total amount of energy necessary to generate one unit of GDP. Total energy consumption includes coal, gas, oil, electricity, heat and biomass. GDP is expressed at constant exchange rate and purchasing power parity to remove the impact of inflation and reflect differences in general price levels and relate energy consumption to the real level of economic activity. Using purchasing power parity rates for GDP instead of exchange rates increases the value of GDP in regions with a low cost of living, and therefore decreases their energy intensities.

Producción de carbón y lignito

Coal production corresponds to gross production. Coal and lignite represent all mineral solid fuels. Their calorific values vary very much from hard coal to lignite (national average coefficients are used).

Producción de crudo

Crude oil production corresponds to gross production. Crude oil includes all liquid hydrocarbons to be refined: crude oil, liquids from natural gas (Natural Gas Liquid or NGL) and semi-refined products.

Producción de electricidad

Electricity production corresponds to gross production. It includes the public production (production of private and public electricity utilities) and the autoproducers, by any type of power plants (including cogeneration). Electricity corresponds to the electricity produced and transported for commercial purposes, used by ad-hoc devices.

Producción de gas natural

Natural gas production corresponds to the marketed production (i.e. excluding quantities flared or reinjected). Natural gas is mainly made of methane (CH4). It is marketed after separation of the liquid fractions. The calorific power of natural gas varies according to its methane concentration. The standard coefficient used by Enerdata is: 0.82 toe/m3, for important countries national coefficients are used.

Producción de productos refinados del petróleo

Petroleum products are all liquid hydrocarbons, obtained by the refining of crude oil and NGL and by treatment of natural gas ; in particular, LPG production (Liquid Petroleum Gas) includes LPG from natural gas separation plants. The alcohol used as motor fuel in Brazil as well as fuels derived from coal in South Africa are not included in oil products.

Producción energética total

The primary production evaluates the quantity of natural energy resources ("primary energy sources") extracted or produced. It includes coal, gas, oil, electricity, heat and biomass production. For natural gas, the quantities flared or reinjected are excluded. Production of hydro, geothermal, nuclear and wind electricity is considered as primary production.

Share of electricity in total final energy consumption

Share of electricity in total final energy consumption.

Global Energy Trends - 2021 Edition

Consolidated 2020 energy and emissions statistics with 2021 estimates, including COVID-19 impact and structural changes.

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

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06

Jul

According to preliminary statistics from the Indian Ministry of Coal, India’s production of non-coking coal and lignite declined by 1.7% in the fiscal year 2020-21 to 708 Mt, including 671 Mt of non-coking coal (-1%) and 37 Mt of lignite (-12%). Of the total output of non-coking coal, 96% was produced the public sector, including 83% by Coal India Limited (CIL). Most of the lignite was extracted by NLC India Limited (53%). The country imported 164 Mt of non-coking coal in 2020-21 (-17%), mainly from Indonesia (56%), South Africa (19%) and Australia (11%).

02

Jul

Spain’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (including LULUCF) decreased by 13.7% in 2020 to 271.5 MtCO2eq (-6.4% compared to 1990 level), according to preliminary data from the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge (MITECO). This drop is due to an increase renewable electricity generation, the fall in coal use, and activity and mobility limitations associations with the COVID-19 pandemic. CO2 accounted for 78% of total GHG emissions in 2020, followed by methane (14%). Transport represented 28% of total GHG emissions in 2020, followed by industry (21%), agriculture and livestock (14%), electricity generation (10%), households and services (8%) and waste (5%). GHG emissions from installations subject to the EU ETS declined by 18.7% in 2020 compared to 2019. Emissions from diffuse sectors decreased by 10% and those from dometic air transport nearly halved in 2020 (-48%). The LULUCF (Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry) sector is estimated to have removed 13.5% of Spain’s gross GHG emissions (36.6 MtCO2eq).

10

Jun

South Korea’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 7.3% in 2020 to 649 MtCO2eq (i.e. -10.9% compared with the 2018 peak of 729 MtCO2eq). GHG emissions have been driven down by South Korea's energy and industrial sectors (-7.8% and -7.1%, respectively). In the power sector, total emissions decreased by 12.4% due to temporary shutdowns of coal-fired power plants resulting in lower coal-fired power generation and due to an increased renewable power generation. Emissions from the transport sector (included in the energy sector) contracted by 4.1%, owing to reduced travel (COVID-19-related restrictions) and the continuous deployment of low-emission vehicles. Residential emissions grew by only 0.3%, while emissions from business and public sectors fell by 9.9%. In the industrial sector (-7.1%), the reduced activity affected the energy-intensive branches such as chemicals (7.6% drop in GHG emissions), steel (-2.5%) and cement (-8.9%).

01

Jun

Australia's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions dipped by 5% in 2020 (-26.1 MtCO2eq) to 499 MtCO2eq, according to the Australian Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources. GHG emissions from the power sector declined by 4.9% but still accounted for a third of total GHG emissions in Australia. In addition, fugitive emissions (10% of total GHG emissions in 2020) declined by 8.8%, partly due to a lower coal production, and emissions from transport (18% of total GHG emissions in 2020) contracted by 12.1%, because of COVID-19 restrictions. In 2020, Australia's GHG emissions stood 20.1% below their 2005 level (the baseline year for the Paris Agreement). The country has committed to reduce its emissions by 26-28% by 2030 from 2005 levels.