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Gran aumento del consumo de gas natural en EE UU (la mitad del aumento mundial).

Los Estados Unidos y China fueron responsables del aumento del consumo mundial de gas natural (+5 %)

El consumo de gas global experimentó una aceleración en 2018, impulsado por EE UU y China, que concentraron alrededor de las dos terceras partes del consumo adicional. En EE UU, la demanda de gas aumentó en un 10 % en 2018, lo que supone el mayor crecimiento registrado en los últimos 30 años, impulsado por el sector eléctrico (+15 GW de las nuevas centrales eléctricas con alimentación de gas) y de los edificios.
El consumo de gas también experimentó una aceleración en China (+18 %), coincidiendo con su política de sustitución del carbón por gas en los sectores de la electricidad y la calefacción. También se registró un crecimiento en la India y Corea del Sur gracias al crecimiento económico continuado. Sin embargo, el consumo disminuyó en Japón debido a que la rehabilitación de reactores nucleares redujo la necesidad de generar electricidad a partir de gas.
El consumo de gas también siguió creciendo de forma constante en Rusia (si bien a un ritmo más lento que en 2017) y se aceleró en Canadá, Irán y Argelia.
A pesar del crecimiento económico, el consumo de gas disminuyó en Europa –especialmente en Turquía, Francia, Alemania e Italia– debido al aumento de las temperaturas, a la mayor disponibilidad de energía nuclear e hidroeléctrica y al aumento de la generación de electricidad a partir de energías renovables.

Tendencias energéticas mundiales, edición 2019

Enerdata se sirve de sus propios datos sobre los países del G20 en 2018 para analizar las tendencias de los mercados energéticos mundiales.

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16
Jan

Electricity consumption increased by 1.1% in India in 2019

According to the Central Electricity Authority of India, electricity consumption increased by only 1.1% in 2019, its slowest annual pace since 2013. In December 2019, electricity consumption declined for the fifth month in a row, reaching 100.8 TWh (-0.5% compared with December 2018), despite a rise in consumption in the industrialised states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Electricity consumption had fallen by 13% in October 2019 (compared to October 2018), its steepest drop in 12 years, reflecting a slowdown in industrial consumption. In October 2019, the IMF lowered its growth forecast for India by 0.9 point to 6.1% in 2019.

15
Jan

China's crude oil imports rose by 9.5% in 2019, gas imports by 6.9%

According to preliminary data from the General Administration of Customs, China’s energy imports continued to increase in 2019. Crude oil imports rose by 9.5% to nearly 506 Mt (10.1 mb/d), as two 400,000 bbl/d refineries commissioned in 2019 – Hengli Petrochemical in Dalian (northeast China) and Zhejiang Petroleum and Chemical in Zhoushan (eastern China) – are fostering China’s crude oil demand. Meanwhile, imports of petroleum products declined by 8.7% in 2019 to 31 Mt, and that of fuel oil by nearly 11% to less than 15 Mt. Natural gas imports continued to grow in 2019 (+6.9%), as China is seeking to raise the share of gas in its energy mix. Coal and lignite imports increased again (+6.3%), reaching 300 Mt.​ 

14
Jan

Electricity consumption in Russia remained stable in 2019

According to the Unified Energy System (SO UPS) of Russia, which manages seven power systems in Russia (all Russia excepted northern islands and isolated systems in north-eastern Siberia), power generation in the unified energy system increased by 0.9% in 2019 to 1,080 TWh, while electricity consumption hiked by 0.4% in 2019 to 1,059 TWh. Mos of the demand was covered by thermal power generation (617 TWh, -0.5% compared to 2018). Hydropower generation rose by 3.6% to 190 TWh and nuclear generation by 2.2% to 209 TWh. Captive power plants (industrial power plants generating electricity for their own consumption) also raised their production level (+2.1% to 63 TWh).

13
Jan

India's renewable power capacity exceeds 84 GW

According to the government of India, installed renewable power capacity in India crossed the 84 GW threshold in December 2019 (84.4 GW), with wind power capacity reaching 37,280 MW, solar capacity 32,530 MW, biomass capacity 9,940 MW and small hydropower capacity 4,650 MW. In addition, another 36.7 GW is already under implementation (25 GW of solar, 9.6 GW of wind power, 1.4 GW of wind-solar hybrid and 550 MW of small hydro) and 29.6 GW is being tendered (including 25.8 GW of solar and 2.2 GW of wind). Overall, the installed and under development capacity could exceed 150 GW, with more than 83 GW of solar power, 49 GW of wind power and 10 GW of biomass.


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