Desglose por país (bcm)

Mundo

+3,1 %

Demanda dinámica en EE. UU. y en la UE.

China consignó el segundo mayor crecimiento de la demanda mundial (+8,6 %), concentrando un 24 % del incremento mundial

El consumo mundial de gas siguió aumentando en 2019 (+2,6 %), aunque a un ritmo más lento que en 2018 (año récord, con un +5,1 %).
En EE. UU., primer consumidor de gas, creció en un 3,1 % en 2019 gracias a un descenso de los precios y a las nuevas capacidades de generación con gas del sector eléctrico. El crecimiento se distribuyó de manera uniforme, alcanzando un 7 % para el sector eléctrico, pero experimentando una curva plana en los sectores residencial, comercial e industrial.
En China, la desaceleración económica y la flexibilización de las políticas de transición del carbón al gas contribuyeron a reducir el crecimiento del consumo de gas a la mitad (+8,6 %).
El consumo aumentó en la UE (+3,1 %), mientras que la demanda se recuperó en España, Alemania e Italia, así como en países productores tales como Rusia, Australia, Irán, Argelia y Egipto.
En cuanto a Asia, siguió disminuyendo en Japón y en Corea del Sur debido a un descenso de la demanda procedente del sector eléctrico (menor consumo eléctrico y mayor competencia de los reactores nucleares y las renovables).
El consumo de gas permaneció estable en Latinoamérica, con ligeros descensos en Brasil y Argentina, y con un 4,4 % de crecimiento en México.

Global Energy Trends 2020 - Update

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26
Oct

The EU is missing its 2020 target for electricity cross-border capacity

According to the European Union (EU) Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER), the amount of cross-border capacity available for trade among Member States remains insufficient to meet the minimum EU target of 70% by 2020. Cross-zonal capacity increased by 3% in 2019 compared to 2018 due to border-specific improvements (Poland-Czech Republic/Germany/Slovakia, Austrian borders, Greece-Italy, Bulgaria-Romania and Germany-Denmark). Moderate decreases, compared to 2018, were observed at the Swiss and Norwegian borders (-6%) and at a smaller scale in Italy North and Nordic regions (-2%). In addition, several Member States continue to use national capacity mechanisms, even if they do not always face an adequacy problem. 

11
Sep

EU and UK energy-related CO2 emissions declined by 3.8% in 2019

According to the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre, global CO2 emissions from energy combustion increased by 0.9% to 38 GtCO2 in 2019, driven by China (+3.4%, accounting for 30% of global emissions) and India (+1.6%, 7% of global emissions). Meanwhile, Japan (3% of global emissions) reduced its energy-related CO2 emissions by 2.1%, the United States (13% of total emissions) by 2.6% and Russia (5% of total emissions) by 0.8%.

27
Jul

EU countries need to strengthen energy efficiency efforts to reach targets

According to the European Commission, primary energy consumption declined by 0.7% in 2018 (-0.1% only for final energy consumption), which is insufficient to meet the 2020 targets. The highest annual reductions in primary energy consumption were posted in Belgium, Austria and Greece, whereas the largest increases were observed in Estonia, Latvia and Luxembourg. Between 2005 and 2018, primary energy consumption decreased in all Member States except Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia and Poland.  Primary energy intensity fell in all Member States between 2005 and 2018; however, it grew in Denmark, Estonia and Luxemburg in recent years (between 2015 and 2018).

30
Jun

Switzerland's final energy consumption slightly increased in 2019

According to the Swiss government, final energy consumption in Switzerland slightly increased in 2019 (+0.3%) due to cooler temperatures, economic growth (+0.9%), demographic growth (+0.7%) and increasing fleet of motor vehicles (+0.8%). This rising trend was offset by continued energy efficiency and substitution effects.


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