logo Enerdata

Consumo nacional de gas natural

El consumo de gas disminuyó un 1,4 % en 2020, con una caída más pronunciada en los países de la OCDE (-2,5 %)

Consumo nacional de gas natural

El consumo de gas disminuyó un 1,4 % en 2020, con una caída más pronunciada en los países de la OCDE (-2,5 %)

Desglose por país (bcm)
Loading...
Mundo

Tendencia durante 1990 - 2020 - bcm

Loading...

% del consumo total (2020) - Mtoe

Loading...

+3 %


Demanda dinámica en Oriente Medio

El consumo de gas disminuyó un 1,4 % en 2020, con una caída más pronunciada en los países de la OCDE (-2,5 %)

El consumo de gas mundial disminuyó un 1,4 % en 2020, si bien a un ritmo más lento que otros tipos de energías fósiles En EE. UU., el mayor consumidor de gas, disminuyó un 1,3 % en 2020. No obstante, el consumo de gas experimenta una tendencia al alza en la última década debido al abandono del carbón como combustible, especialmente para la generación de electricidad. A pesar de la pandemia, el consumo de gas natural aumentó un 7,2 % en China. El consumo cayó en la UE (-3,2 %), en especial en Francia (-7,3 %) e Italia (-4,4 %), y en países productores como Rusia, Australia, Argelia y Egipto. Siguió disminuyendo en Japón debido a un descenso de la demanda procedente del sector eléctrico (menor consumo eléctrico y mayor competencia de los reactores nucleares y las renovables). El consumo de gas experimentó un repunte en Corea del Sur (+1,1 % tras una caída del -3,1 % en 2019) El consumo de gas disminuyó en Latinoamérica (-7,8 %), con caídas significativas en Argentina, Brasil y México.

Tendencias Energéticas Mundiales - Edición 2021

Estadísticas energéticas y emisiones CO2 consolidadas del 2020 y estimaciones para 2021, incluyendo el impacto de COVID-19 y los cambios estructurales.

Descargar la publicación
Base de datos globales de energía & CO2

Need more data? All the information presented in this energy data tool are extracted from Global Energy & CO2 Data service, the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on all gas states and sources: natural, manufactured and LNG. Access to the whole gas value chain information: reserves, production, trade, LNG liquefaction capacities, prices, consumption per sector and indicators.

Descubrir el servicio

10

Sep

According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), 6.1 GW of offshore wind capacity was installed in 2020 (down from 6.2 GW in 2019), including 3 GW in China, 1.5 GW in the Netherlands, and 0.7 GW in Belgium. More than 35 GW of offshore wind capacity is currently operational, with 29% of the total in the UK, 28% in China and 22% in Germany.

27

Aug

South Africa’s total greenhouse gas emissions excluding FOLU (forestry and other land use) increased by 14% between 2000 and 2017 to 513 MtCO2eq, according to the country’s 7th National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventory Report. The energy sector is the largest contributor to emissions excluding FOLU (80%) and is responsible for 97% of the increase over 2000-2017. Energy industries were responsible for 61% of emissions from the energy sector in 2017. This was followed by transport (13%), other sectors (9%) and manufacturing industries and construction (7%).

12

Aug

According to the Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation (TEIAŞ), installed wind capacity in Turkey reached the 10 GW threshold in early August 2021. Most of the capacity is located in the Izmir province (1.7 GW), followed by Balıkesir (1,300 MW), Çanakkale (850 MW), Manisa (750 MW), and Istanbul (420 MW). Wind represented 10% of the installed capacity connected to the transmission network (10,010 MW out of 98,800 MW) and over half (51.9 GW) was considered "clean" electricity. In the first half of 2021, wind power accounted for around 9% of the power generation, replacing nearly US$1bn in gas imports.

06

Jul

According to preliminary statistics from the Indian Ministry of Coal, India’s production of non-coking coal and lignite declined by 1.7% in the fiscal year 2020-21 to 708 Mt, including 671 Mt of non-coking coal (-1%) and 37 Mt of lignite (-12%). Of the total output of non-coking coal, 96% was produced the public sector, including 83% by Coal India Limited (CIL). Most of the lignite was extracted by NLC India Limited (53%). The country imported 164 Mt of non-coking coal in 2020-21 (-17%), mainly from Indonesia (56%), South Africa (19%) and Australia (11%).