Desglose por país (%)

Mundo

+30 pts

Aumento de la cuota de renovables en la oferta energética de Reino Unido entre 2000 y 2018.

El descenso de los costes de las renovables y las políticas de apoyo están propiciando un aumento de la cuota de FER en el panorama energético mundial (+0,8 ptos.)

La cuota de fuentes de energía renovables (FER, incluida la energía hidroeléctrica) en el conjunto de energías generadas en todo el mundo, que ha experimentado un rápido aumento desde finales de 2000, creció en casi 1 punto porcentual (+0,8 ptos.) en 2018, aproximándose así al 26 %.
La mayor parte del crecimiento procede de la nueva capacidad eólica y solar, respaldada por ambiciosas políticas climáticas en la Unión Europea, los Estados Unidos, China, la India, Japón y Australia, así como por una drástica caída de los costes de desarrollo de la energía eólica y solar en los últimos años, lo que ha permitido a los países en vías de desarrollo ampliar su base de capacidad de renovables. Las condiciones hidrológicas favorables propiciaron un aumento de la generación de energías renovables en Europa, Brasil, la India, Tailandia, Australia y Nueva Zelanda.
Las energías renovables ahora cubren un 36 % de la oferta de energías en Europa, un 26 % en China y alrededor del 18 % en los Estados Unidos, la India y Japón.

Tendencias energéticas mundiales, edición 2019

Enerdata se sirve de sus propios datos sobre los países del G20 en 2018 para analizar las tendencias de los mercados energéticos mundiales.

Descargar la publicación

Global Energy & CO2 Data

Acceda a la base de datos más completa y actualizada sobre el suministro, la demanda y los precios de la energía y sobre las emisiones de GEI (186 países).

Demo gratuita

19
Feb

India's coal-fired power generation fells for the first time in a decade

According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) of India, coal-fired power generation in India declined by around 2.5% in 2019, posting the first decrease in a decade. Meanwhile, the gas-fired power generation also declined by 4.5%. This decrease is explained by a broader economic slowdown reducing electricity demand and a higher competition from renewable power generation and from nuclear in a lesser extent (+6.3% in 2019).

18
Feb

Europe installed more than 15 GW of new wind capacity in 2019

According to WindEurope, Europe’s wind power capacity grew by 8% in 2019, thanks to the installation of 15.4 GW, and reached 205 GW at the end of the year. New installations are 27% higher than in 2018. However, this number needs to double to reach the objectives of the Green Deal. Over 3/4 of new installations were onshore wind (11.7 GW), and 1/4 offshore (3.6 GW). Four countries accounted for 55% of new wind installations: the United Kingdom (+2.4 GW, including almost 1.8 GW of offshore wind), Spain (+2.3 GW), Germany (+2.2 GW, half of which was offshore), and Sweden (+1.6 GW). France installed more than 1 GW of new wind capacity in 2019 (1.3 GW onshore) despite weathers conditions and delays in approvals slowing down constructions.

14
Feb

Africa and the Middle East added 894 MW of wind power capacity in 2019

According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), new installations of wind power capacities in Africa and the Middle East slowed down in 2019, with only 894 MW installed in 2019, compared to 962 MW in 2018 (-7%). Leading countries were Egypt, which installed 262 MW of new capacity, followed by Morocco (216 MW), Jordan (190 MW), Ethiopia (120 MW) and Iran (50 MW).

14
Feb

French electricity consumption reached its lowest level in 10 years in 2019

According to the French power transmission system operator RTE, electricity consumption in France declined by 0.5% in 2019 (including climate corrections), reaching its lowest level in 10 years. This slight decrease is explained by efforts in terms of energy efficiency (in buildings and equipments), by the structural shift in economic activities (towards services activities), and by a slowdown in economic growth, especially at the end of year.


Más noticias